As part of an international climate protection project with the participation of Emden/Leer University of Applied Sciences, the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) has commissioned the construction of a new island supply vessel with sail propulsion for largely climate-neutral ship operation.
GIZ is implementing the bilateral project financed by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) together with the government of the Marshall Islands. The ship, which was developed by the ship design office Kostec and Asia Shipbuilding in Busan/Geoje, South Korea, together with the Emden/Leer University of Applied Sciences and the Hamburg design office SDC, has been launched and moved to the shipyard’s outfitting quay. Briese Research from Leer is involved in the project to support the construction supervision and commissioning.
Prof Capt Michael Vahs, Emden/Leer University of Applied Sciences said: “We are pleased that the newbuilding has reached this milestone and is now entering the final phase of outfitting. This will be very exciting for our construction supervisors in South Korea, as many technical systems now have to be installed and test run. Some fine-tuning is still required. Despite the relatively simple and cost-effective construction concept, there are many innovations in the ship that are exemplary for future zero-emission shipping.”
The 300 dwt island supply vessel for the Marshall Islands is about 48m long and is equipped with a semi-automated INDOSAIL wind propulsion system. The sail system, originally developed in Hamburg by naval architect Peter Schenzle (HSVA) for Indonesia, has been adapted to local requirements and is intended to give the ship a speed of up to about 12 knots with a sail area of a good 500m2. In case of excess sail power, the propeller recuperates and supplies the ship’s electrical system via a hybrid gearbox with attached generator. A powerful battery pack serves as storage. The same generator can act as an electric drive motor on the propeller and be available to the ship for slow manoeuvring. A diesel engine rated about 250kW is installed as a redundancy drive, which guarantees the ship the required minimum speed of 7 knots without sail propulsion and under rough sea conditions. In the future, it should be possible to run the engine on regionally produced biodiesel.
Other technical highlights include a high-performance PV system for the on-board power supply, as well as new wing keels developed at the Maritime Technical Centre of Emden/Leer University of Applied Sciences, which are intended to give the ship better sailing efficiency and high course stability. According to model calculations, emissions will be reduced by about 80%, and the longer term goal is to achieve climate neutrality.
Kostec and Asia Shipbuilding want to use the project to create a new foothold for sailing technology and low-emission shipping in the strong Korean shipbuilding market. The cooperation with the Emden/Leer University of Applied Sciences is to be continued for the development of further newbuildings. This new ship type is to be available in various sizes with different structural and equipment variants according to the customer’s requirements. This includes a variant with fully automated Flettner rotors.
In the final phase of the shipbuilding project, the Marshall Islands Shipping Corporation will increasingly be involved as the future shipping company of the ship in order to familiarise itself with the new type of ship and its technology. The training concept for the shipping company will be developed together with the Emden/Leer University of Applied Sciences, which will support the shipping company in the long term and scientifically evaluate the results of the project. The ability to cooperate with maritime industry partners across the board, from the initial needs analysis through construction to testing and support during the initial operating phase of a ship, is one of the special features of the Fraunhofer Working Group for Sustainable Maritime Mobility (NMM) at Emden/Leer University of Applied Sciences.